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Amman back then

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ImageSettlements have existed in Amman for several centuries. From the Chalcolithic Period (c. 4000 – 3000 BCE), Amman became the capital of the Ammonites as Rabbath-Ammon, which later fell to the Assyrians.

It was conquered by Egypt's Ptolemy II, then it was renamed Philadelphia and became a great Roman trade center.

After the Islamic conquests, Amman became part of the Muslim empire, until the Ottomans were forced out by the Allies, with the help of the Hashimites, who formed a kingdom that continues to rule until the present.

In the later part of the 1940's the British played a big part in creating a country whose reason for existence was its religion. One of the major results of this was the mass migration of people, the killing of thousands, bloodshed and mayhem, during the creation of Israel and the expulsion of Palestinians. Amman has had to absorb a large number of Arab refugees that fled Palestine and Iraq during wars.

The Palestinian exodus was mostly to what is now Jordan. Palestinians now make up about 70% of the 6 million people who call Jordan their home. The ruling elite continues to be the original Jordanians, with their tribal affiliations, their clans and their close family ties.

There has been much effort to bring the two peoples of the country together. King Hussain spoke of the the peoples of his country as Mohajirs and Ansars, using old Islamic history metaphors to heal wounds. The present King Abdullah is married to a Palestinian. King Abdullah has done well so far and has started a Jordan First program(Urdun Awallan), emphasizing the need to put the country first before any tribal affiliations.

Palestinians are now being encouraged to join the government and the security forces but not many have reached the top ranks. Palestinians tend to be urban, better educated and more business oriented rather than farmers. They are the business and financial backbone of the country.

You can't tell the difference from their accents but there are still many differences between Jordanians and Palestinians living in Jordan. The Palestinians favor the football team Wahdat and the Jordanians the team Faisaliah. In order to find out whether someone is Jordanian or Palestinian, ask them which football team they support.

In terms of food, there are also  some differences. The Jordanian dish is the mansaf. It is lamb cooked in a yogurt soup served over rice. The Palestinian dish is the maqluba and it is rice cooked with chicken, eggplant and other vegetables and is served upside down ("maqluba").

Most men in Jordan wear Western clothes but some people also wear the traditional checkered head dress. These are sold at all tourist traps. It is only the Jordanians who wear the red shimmagh. The Palestinians wear the black and white checkered head dress. Wearing it has of course now become the universal statement of defiance, sometimes worn by celebrities who later regret wearing it when they are told what it implies. Most people just wrap the kuffiah around their necks any which way they feel like.

The Mohajirs (Palestinians) and the Ansars (Residents) of Jordan have come a long way and now see that even though there may be some differences between them, they have to work as one because their futures are tied together. 

 

Masjid Information

In Muslim countries there is usually a masjid at every street corner so we are not listing masjids here.

Transportation/Getting Around

Car for hire
ust as you get off the plane, you could head to one of the available car rental companies at the ...
From the airport
Taxis are available outside the airport terminals. Shuttle buses also link the Queen Alia ...
Buses
Inside Amman:
There are around 280 public buses licensed in Amman. Public Transport ...
Taxi
Taking the yellow taxis is certainly the best choice for getting around wherever you want in Amman. ...
Metro
Greater Amman Municipality’s (GAM) revealed plans that Amman will have a comprehensive public ...