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Buses & the Dolmus
Buses in ...
Taxi
Though taxis are easily available in ...
Driving Tips
It is advisable not to drive in ...
Car for Hire
The main car rental companies have ...
Ferries & Sea Buses
Ferries and sea buses are used to cross ...
From the airport
Istanbul has two international ...
City in One Day
One day, while not enough to see all of Istanbul's sites properly can be used efficiently to take ...
ARTIST 2007
ARTIST is the annual art fair that covers painting, sculpture, ceramics, photography and ...
International Istanbul Fashion Festival
The second International Istanbul Fashion Festival is held in August.   ...
Bosphorus
Bosphorus is the annual Asia-to-Europe swimming, rowing and sailing competition. It is organized by ...
When to go
The best time of the year to visit Istanbul is during the spring season. Spring lasts from April to ...

Istanbul, Turkey

Istanbul today
Over the centuries Istanbul has established itself as one of the greatest and most diverse cities in the world. It is one of the most pulsating and delightful places in Europe and the Middle East. Istanbul's centuries of empires have left it with an amazing collection of palaces, churches, mosques and markets from every period of history. Its unique position as a city that sits across two continents, both Europe and Asia, has given Istanbul a mixed cosmopolitan environment. Istanbul is the hub of Turkey, a vital metropolis that is made up of more than ancient palaces and smoky bazaars. 

Istanbul back then
Istanbul was established in the mid-seventh century BC when a Greek explorer named Byzas was told by the Oracle at Delphi to sail up the Bosphorus and found a city. The result was the city of Byzantium which over the next thousand years became a significant center of trade and commerce. In the early fourth century AD, the Emperor Constantine made it the new capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, renaming it Constantinople.
As the Western Roman Empire fell to barbarian invasions in the fifth and sixth centuries, the eastern half, known as the Byzantine Empire became Rome's successor. Th

The Marmara Istanbul
The Marmara is located centrally at the Taksim Square. The hotel, due to popularity has opened a sec
Ritz-Carlton Istanbul
The Ritz-Carlton is located above the Dolmabahçe Palace. The hotel offers exclusive clubs and cigar
Pera Palas Hotel
The Pera Palas Hotel was built in 1892 as lodging for the passengers of the Orient Express. A number
Four Seasons Hotel
The Four Seasons Hotel is located at the center of Sultanahmet and was previously a prison. The five
Çiragan Palace Hotel Kempinski Istanbul
The Ciragan Palace Hotel was a residence of the last Ottoman sultans. It consists of two buildings,
Midtown Hotel Istanbul
The hotel is centrally located on the Lamartin Street, in the Talimhane area of Taksim. The hotel o

Nisantasi
This district has spectacular historical buildings, luxurious shops and cafes. The most expensive br
Ziya Antiques
This store provides antiques and collectibles dating to the Ottomans. Objects include wall hangings,
Vakko
Vakko is the place to go to find the best designer men's and women's wear. Their specialty includes
Grand Bazaar
The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul is one of the most famous shopping markets with over four thousand shop
Mavi Jeans
Mavi Jeans is like a Turkish Gap and provides smart and casual clothes for customers. It can also be
Mudo
Mudo is another popular store for finding casual and smart clothing. Another Mudo store is at the in

Turkish Republic Salsa Cup
The Turkish Republic Salsa Cup is organized by a number of associations and dance companies, includi
Bosphorus
Bosphorus is the annual Asia-to-Europe swimming, rowing and sailing competition. It is organized by
International Istanbul Fashion Festival
The International Istanbul Fashion Festival is held twice a year in Istanbul which is the second-lar
ARTIST 2007
ARTIST is the annual art fair that covers painting, sculpture, ceramics, photography and videograph
Istanbul Design Week
Istanbul Design Week is attended by design related businesses and individuals. It provides a forum f
Istanbul Book Fair
The Istanbul Book Fair showcases all kinds of books. The fair takes place at

Tugra
Tugra has a reputation for creating innovative fusion dishes from the entire Ottoman Empire. It is a
Refik
Refik is unimpressive to look at but has been an institution in the neighborhood since its establish
Tarihi Meshur Sultanahmet Köfteçisi
The  specialties of this restaurant include meatballs and shepherd's salad.  Type: Tu
Divan Lokantasi
Divan Lokantasi updates traditional recipes and creates new dishes, which become all the more appeti
Sal Café Bar
The Sal Cafe Bar is the place to go to experience authentic Turkish nightlife
Seasons Restaurant
Located in the Four Seasons Hotel, this expensive restaurant provides breakfast, lunch and dinner me

Fast Facts
Location:
Northwest of Turkey, on both sides of the river Bosphorus, where the strait enters the Sea of
Marmara

Local City Name:
Istanbul

Area:
1,830.92 sq km
706.9 sq miles
Dialing code:
+90
Area Code:
Asia 216 / Europe 212
Emergency Numbers:
Fire: 110
Police: 155
Ambulance: 112

Population:
11,372,613

Languages:
Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Laz

Time zone:
GMT/UTC + 2

Currency:
Turkey New Lira (TRY) or the Turkish Yeni Turk Lirasi (YTL)

Ethnic mix:
The population of Istanbul consists of 90% Turkish, while 4% are Kurdish. The remaining 6% are
of Greek, Armenian, Jewish and other ethnicities.

Average January Temperatures:
0 °C (32 °F)

Average July Temperatures:
23 °C (73.4 °F)

Annual Rainfall:
26" 

 
What to do with kids in Tow
Rahmi M.  Koç Museum   This museum is located in magnificent buildings ...

In Muslim countries the food served in most restaurants is Halal so we are not listing halal restaurants here.

Health and Safety
Istanbul is generally a safe city  but one should exercise normal precaution as anywhere in the world. Do not carry a large amount of ...

Prayer Timings

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