The first settlement in the area that is now London was established by the Romans after their conquest of Britain in 43AD. Many a wars and battles were fought over the city as it slowly emerged into a prosperous and thriving city, until William the Conqueror was crowned the King of England in 1066. A fairly stable monarchy followed, that continues to this day. Over the years the city has witnessed many upheavals- the Great Plague, the Great Fire, the English Civil War and the two World Wars. Despite all odds, London has developed, expanded and grown into the flourishing metropolis we see today.