A city with a rich history that accounts for the multitude of ethnic groups and cultures present in the metropolis of today.
The history of Montreal dates back to several thousand years BC, when the local tribes of the Huron, the Algonquin, the Wendat, and the Iroquis roamed its lands. It was not until the early 16th century that the first European, Jacques Cartier, set foot in a village which was to grow into Montreal - the Place Jacques-Cartier, a large public square in the city, is named after him. Then Samuel de Champlain set up a fur trading post near the village in 1605, but it was in 1639 that the first European community started to grow in the region.
The town stayed in French hands until 1760, and was then surrendered to the British. This allowed a large influx of British settlers into the city. By 1832 Montreal had attained the status of a flourishing city. Montreal was nominated the capital of the Canadian Provinces during 1844 and 1849, which allowed settlers of various origins to flock to the city. This was seen as a positive migration, as now the city was truly beginning to feel multicultural influences, in languages as well as in lifestyles. English settlers then set up the McGill University in Montreal, which was Canada's first university.
The Great Depression in the 1920's saw a rise in the unemployment rate, but recovery was fast, and construction of skyscrapers soon began. When in 1950's the population shot above a million, the mayor started future planning with respect to new public transport systems, extension of the harbor facilities, development of museum and libraries, and the possibility of an underground city. Progress was fast, and within ten years Montreal was one of the most highly developed cities in the western world. It was the 1976 Olympic Games hosted in Montreal that gave it international recognition. The 350th anniversary of the city was celebrated in 1992 with the construction of two skyscrapers, 1250 René-Lévesque and 1000 de La Gauchetière, and the Point a Calliere Museum.