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Munich back then

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ImageMunich was established in 1158 by Henry the Lion who was the duke of Saxony and Bavaria. The city's name comes from the settlement near which it was situated, called Munichen. In 1255 it became the residence of the Wittelsbach family, the dukes of Bavaria. It became the capital of Bavaria in 1503. Munich developed into a leading cultural and artistic center under the 19th century kings Louis I, Maximilian II and Louis II. During this time it also played a leading role in the development of 19th and 20th century German painting.


After the First World War, Munich saw great political unrest. National Socialism (Nazism) was founded there. Munich became the headquarters of the Nazi party when Hitler came into power in 1933. Apart from being the birthplace of the Nazi Party, Munich was also where a tiny movement called the White Rose came up against Nazism. This consisted of a group of five university students and a professor who printed flyers opposing Hitler before being caught and executed by the Gestapo in 1943.


During the Second World War, Munich was badly damaged. After 1945 it was rebuilt and many contemporary buildings came up. The Olympic Games took place here in 1972 for which the Olympic stadium and the underground system were built. 


Transportation/Getting Around

Buses and Metro
Munich has a superb public transportation system and while the city center can be explored on foot, ...
Driving Tips
It is essential to know at least a few German words if you are planning on ...
Car for hire
The main car rental companies have offices at the airport as well as within ...
The German rail network is operated by Deutsche Bahn (German Rail) and is one of the most extensive ...
Taxis are very easily available but quite over-priced. The average taxi fare ...
From the airport
Munich's Franz Josef Strauss Flughafen airport is connected to the Hauptbahnhof (the main train ...