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Paris back then

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ImageParis has a deep-rooted cultural heritage that dates back several centuries. From palaces and amphitheatres to the Louvre fortress and the University of Paris in 1200AD, Paris has seen its share of history. The central island turned into the government plaza, housing several institutions, the left housed the University, and the right bank became the center of trade and commerce.The Les Halles marketplace was the commercial hub of the city and was one of the most well planned cities of that time. However, during the hundred years’ war, it lost its position as the French capital as the English-allies occupied it throughout the war. The city was reclaimed by Charles VII in 1437 and since then has been under the rule of the Catholic party, King Henry IV, and was also the center stage for the French Revolution. With the storming of the Bastille in 1789, it entered a new era of French history.

In the 19th century, Paris saw an industrial revolution, in which rail, transport and various industries were very successfully developed in the city, making it a center for immigrant workers from all over the continent. During Napoleon III’s rule, the city underwent a complete renovation and its medieval, narrow-winding streets were replaced with the wide avenues of modern Paris; even though it was for a sinister reason; to control the crowd and curb future revolts or revolutions with artillery and rifles.

Since then, the city has seen its share of ups and downs, from an epidemic that killed thousands, to a siege that rendered the city’s government archives lost in flames. However, Paris recovered quite rapidly from these events. The pinnacle of Parisian history, the Eiffel Tower, built for the French Revolution centennial in 1889 was the world’s tallest building till 1930, and is the key attraction of the city. The Paris Métro was launched for visitors to the Universal Exposition, and was an attraction for tourists in itself. The city’s World’s Fairs also played key roles to develop its tourist industry and played a pivotal role in the development of the city.

The city’s business district, La Défense, was at the forefront of the war effort during World War I and was the site for numerous Allied victory parades and peace negotiations. The city built up its reputation as a cultural and artistic community and became famous for its nightlife. Artists from all over the world came to the city to mingle. These included artists such as the Spanish painters, Pablo Picasso and Dali, to the American writer, Hemingway.

In June 1940, Paris fell victim to German occupation forces till the city was liberated in August 1944. Since then, the city has seen a lot of development. The suburbs expanded considerably as well with the construction of the cites and the business district La Défense, as well as the subway, RER and an extensive network of freeways that connect to the expressway that circles the city.

These developments have shaped the city and have turned Paris into a modern day safe haven for culture and high tech manufacturing. The city has one of the highest per capita incomes in Europe and is a major economic contributor to the world’s economy


 

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Transportation/Getting Around

Driving Tips
Driving around Paris should be avoided as parking and traffic jams are huge problems in the city. ...
Metro
Paris undoubtedly has a superb underground train system, known as the Chemin ...
Car for Hire
Hiring cars is relatively easy, however driving around the city isn't. ...
Bicycles
Bicycles are the best means of transportation in the city as there are over 200km of cycle lanes ...
Buses
Though the Métro is a very efficient means of transportation, it is better ...
From Airport
The main city is about 25 kilometers from the Charles de Gaulle airport, and the taxi fare from ...